(/ri sunaek/) Rishi Sunak RISH-ee SOO-nak, a British politician who was born on May 12, 1980, has been the country’s prime minister and the head of the Conservative Party since 2022. He has served in two cabinet posts under Boris Johnson, most recently serving from 2020 to 2022 as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Sunak has served as Richmond’s Member of Parliament (MP) since 2015. The position of prime minister has never been held by a British Asian.
Sunak was born in Southampton to East African immigrants of Indian heritage. In the 1960s, they moved to Great Britain. He received his education at Winchester College, attended Lincoln College in Oxford to study philosophy, politics, and economics, and graduated as a Fulbright Scholar with an MBA from Stanford University in California. Sunak joined the Conservative Party and completed an internship at Conservative Central Office while he was a student at Oxford University. Following graduation, Sunak worked for Goldman Sachs before becoming a partner at The Children’s Investment Fund Management and Theleme Partners, two hedge fund companies.
At the general election in 2015, Sunak was chosen to represent Richmond in North Yorkshire in the House of Commons. In the 2016 referendum on EU membership, Sunak supported the winning Brexit campaign as a backbencher. In the 2018 cabinet shuffle, Sunak was appointed as the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Local Government, a junior ministerial role in Theresa May’s second administration.
He cast three votes in favor of May’s Brexit divorce agreement, which was subsequently rejected three times by Parliament and resulted in May’s departure. Sunak supported Johnson’s successful campaign to succeed May as the leader and prime minister of the Conservative Party during the 2019 leadership contest. Johnson then appointed Sunak as the Chief Secretary to the Treasury in July of that year.
Johnson elevated Sunak to Chancellor of the Exchequer following the 2019 general election in the 2020 cabinet reshuffle that followed Sajid Javid’s departure. Sunak played a significant role in the government’s financial reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on the economy during his tenure in the job, including the Coronavirus Job Retention and Eat Out to Help Out programs. He also participated in the government’s reaction to the crises in the UK’s energy supply, the world’s energy supply, and the expense of living. In the midst of a political crisis that led to Johnson’s resignation in July 2022, Sunak announced his resignation as chancellor.
To succeed Johnson, Sunak ran in the July–September Conservative Party leadership contest. Despite having gained the most votes in each round of MP voting, he was defeated by Foreign Secretary Liz Truss in the members’ vote. Sunak ran in the October 2022 Conservative Party leadership election to succeed Truss, who resigned amid another government crisis, after spending the entirety of Truss’s tenure on the opposition benches. He was chosen as the Conservative Party’s leader and made prime minister without any opposition. Sunak began serving as chancellor in the midst of the energy and cost of living crises, as well as a number of labor conflicts and strikes. In reaction to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, he has approved shipments of foreign aid and weapons to that nation.
Rishi Sunak Early life and education
Sunak was born on May 12, 1980, at Southampton General Hospital in Southampton, Hampshire, to Yashvir and Usha Sunak, Hindu immigrants from East Africa with Indian Punjabi ancestry. Sunak has admitted that when he was younger, he dreamed of appearing in a Star Wars film. He attended Romsey’s preparatory Stroud School before enrolling as a dayboy and ultimately rising to the position of head boy at Winchester College. During his summer vacation, he worked as a waiter in a curry restaurant in Southampton. At Lincoln College in Oxford, he studied philosophy, politics, and economics. In 2001, he received a first-class degree.
He joined the Conservative Party and completed an internship at the Conservative Party’s headquarters while he was still in college. As a Fulbright Scholar, Sunak obtained a Master of Business Administration from Stanford University in 2006. He met his future wife Akshata Murty, the daughter of Indian tycoon N. R. Narayana Murthy of Infosys, while they were both students at Stanford.
Sunak’s maternal grandpa was from Ludhiana, which is currently in India, while his paternal grandfather was from Gujranwala, which is currently in Pakistan. At the time, both places were part of British India’s Punjab region. In the 1960s, his grandparents immigrated from East Africa to the UK. His father, Yashvir Sunak, is a general practitioner for the National Health Service and was born and reared in the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya (modern-day Kenya). Usha Sunak, his mother, was born in Tanganyika (later incorporated into Tanzania), worked as a pharmacist, and she had ownership of the Sunak Pharmacy in Southampton from 1995 until 2014. She also holds a degree from Aston University.
Of his three siblings, Sunak is the oldest. His sister Raakhi Williams (born 1985) serves as the worldwide fund for education in emergencies’ chief of strategy and planning in New York, while his brother Sanjay Williams (born 1982) is a psychologist.
Rishi Sunak Business career
Between 2001 to 2004, Sunak worked as an analyst for the financial institution Goldman Sachs. The Children’s Investment Fund Management, where he later worked, hired him as a partner in September 2006. He departed in November 2009 to work with old coworkers at Theleme Partners, a new hedge fund company that opened in October 2010 with $700 million under management (which will be $939 million in 2022). Patrick Degorce served as his supervisor at both hedge funds. Between 2013 and 2015, Sunak served as a director of Catamaran Ventures, an investment company controlled by his father-in-law, Infosys founder N. R. Narayana Murthy.
Rishi Sunak Early political career
Member of Parliament
In 2010, Sunak switched to the Conservative Party. In October 2014, he was chosen to run as the Conservative candidate in Richmond (Yorks), defeating Wendy Morton. William Hague, a former party leader who held different government posts under David Cameron, previously held the seat. The position has been held by the party for more than a century and is one of the safest Conservative seats in the United Kingdom.
Sunak co-authored a report on BME communities in the UK while serving as the head of the Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Research Unit at the center-right think tank Policy Exchange in the same year. At the general election in 2015, he won the district’s MP seat with a majority of 19,550 (36.2%). He served on the Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs Select Committee from 2015 to 2017.
In the UK’s successful effort to leave the EU in the June 2016 EU membership referendum, Sunak was a supporter. He authored a study that year supporting the construction of free ports post Brexit for the Centre for Policy Studies, a Thatcherite think tank, and another report the following year promoting the development of a retail bond market for small and medium-sized businesses. Following Cameron’s resignation, Sunak supported Michael Gove in the 2016 contest for the leadership of the Conservative Party. After Gove was defeated in the second round of voting, Sunak supported Theresa May, who ultimately won the contest.
At the general election in 2017, Sunak won re-election with a larger margin of 23,108 (40.5%). Sunak discussed the significance and brittleness of Britain’s underwater infrastructure in 2017. At the general election in 2019, Sunak won re-election with a larger margin of 27,210 (47.2%).
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Local Government (2018–2019)
In the 2018 cabinet reshuffle, Sunak was promoted to a junior ministerial position in May’s second administration as the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Local Government. Sunak abstained from voting in favor of a second referendum on any divorce agreement and supported May’s Brexit withdrawal agreement on each of the three occasions. Three times, Parliament rejected May’s departure agreement, which prompted May to announce her resignation in May 2019.
Sunak co-authored an article with fellow MPs Robert Jenrick and Oliver Dowden to endorse Boris Johnson during the June campaign for the 2019 Conservative Party leadership election.
Chief Secretary to the Treasury (2019–2020)
Sunak was appointed Chief Secretary to the Treasury, working for Chancellor Sajid Javid, after Johnson was chosen as the Conservative Party’s leader and prime minister. The following day, he was admitted to the Privy Council. Sunak participated in the seven-way election debates on the BBC and ITV for the Conservatives during the 2019 general election.
Chancellor of the Exchequer (2020–2022)
As part of the 2020 cabinet change, Sunak was appointed chancellor on February 13 after Javid quit that day after speaking with Johnson.
On March 17, 2020, Sunak rose to prominence in the government’s response as a result of the COVID-19 epidemic and its effects on the economy. Along with a furlough program for workers, he unveiled a program offering £330 billion in emergency support for businesses. This staff retention program was the first of its kind to be developed by a British government. The program, which was launched on March 20, 2020, offers grants to employers to cover up to £2,500 per person per month in employment costs and 80% of worker wages. The anticipated operating cost was £14 billion per month.
The initial duration of the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme was three months, with a backdate of March 1. The nationwide lockdown was prolonged for an additional three weeks, and Sunak then extended the program to the end of June 2020. Sunak extended the plan at the end of May through the end of October 2020. The decision to extend the job retention program was made in order to prevent or postpone mass layoffs, corporate failures, and potentially historic levels of unemployment.
A plan for an additional £30 billion in spending was unveiled by Sunak in July 2020. It included a stamp duty holiday, a reduction in value-added tax (VAT) for the hospitality industry, a bonus for employers who can keep their employees, and the Eat Out to Help Out program, which supports and creates jobs in the hospitality sector. At participating cafes, bars, and restaurants, the government provided a 50% subsidy on food and soft drinks, up to £10 per person. The promotion was valid from Monday, August 3, through Wednesday, August 31, every week.
The program subsidized meals worth £849 million in total. While some disagreed, others thought the program was successful in growing the hospitality sector. Johnson accepted the scheme’s role in the spike of COVID-19 infections from a 2020 research, but the Treasury disagreed.
On September 24, 2020, Sunak delivered the Winter Economy Plan. The announcement of the measures was made in order to aid further encourage economic recovery in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic’s effects. The strategy aimed to maintain sustainable jobs and businesses while advancing the recovery of the economy. The program was extended until 2 December 2020 following a second lockdown in England on October 31, 2020, and then again on November 5 until March 31, 2021. The program was further extended on December 17th, this time through April 30th, 2021. The program was once again extended until September 30, 2021, according to Sunak, who made the announcement in the 2021 United Kingdom budget, which was made public on March 3, 2021.
Sunak’s third and last budget statement, which was released in October 2021, contained significant investment commitments for science and education. The work allowances were raised by £500 annually as part of the budget, and the post-tax deduction taper rate was decreased from 63% to 55%. These changes enhanced in-work support provided under the Universal Credit system. Investments totaling £560 million were announced for the Levelling Up White Paper. A large number of the statements that would be made in the budget were shown to the public before budget day, angering the House of Commons. Sunak replied to the criticism by stating that the budget “begins the work of preparing for a new economy”.
Sunak received a fixed penalty notice from the police in April 2022 after the Partygate controversy after it was determined that he had violated COVID-19 restrictions by attending Johnson’s birthday party on June 19, 2020. Along with Johnson and his wife Carrie Symonds, the police also served 125 fixed penalty notices to 82 other people, who all expressed regret and paid the fines. Sunak was “extremely and sincerely sorry” for the harm his attendance at the party had caused and said he appreciated the police’s choice to penalize him.
Cost of living crisis and energy crisis
The UK government, including Sunak, stepped up its efforts to address the crisis in May 2022 with a £5 billion windfall tax on energy companies to help finance a £15 billion support package for the general public as the rising cost of living became an increasingly serious and concerning issue for the nation.
. Every household would receive a £400 energy bill savings as part of the deal, on top of the government’s already-ordered £150 council tax refund. A supplementary £650 payment was announced for around 8 million of the lowest income households in the UK. Additionally, in addition to the £550 that every household receives and the £650 that they would receive if they had a low income, retirees or people with disabilities would qualify for additional payments.
On March 23, 2022, Sunak issued his spring statement. While keeping with a planned national insurance rise in April, he promised to align the primary threshold with the basic personal income allowance as of July. He also reduced national insurance payments for small businesses and removed VAT on energy-saving equipment (such as solar panels and insulation). Additionally, he committed to lowering income taxes in 2024. Additionally, Sunak contributed some money to help those in need manage the rising cost of living.
In June 2021, Sunak will host a G7 conference in London. A tax reform deal that attempted to create a worldwide minimum tax on multinational corporations and online technology companies was inked. The OECD made an agreement to participate in the tax reform plan in October 2021. Sunak attended COP26 in Glasgow later that month. In his statement on November 3, he expressed confidence in the face of enormous obstacles and said that by bringing together finance ministers, companies, and investors, COP26 may start achieving the goals set forth in the Paris Agreement.
Sunak and his family’s wealth
A substantial portion of Sunak’s wife and family’s financial interests, including a combined £1.7 billion stake in the Indian corporation Infosys, were reportedly not disclosed on the register of ministers’ interests in November 2020, according to The Guardian. Sunak should disclose his financial interests and those of his immediate family, according to Alistair Graham, a former chair of the Committee on Standards in Public Life, because of the chancellor’s authority over the government’s fiscal and commercial policies. He seemed to have approached this need in the most straightforward manner conceivable. Rishi Sunak may want to thoroughly review the “Seven Principles of Public Life” to ensure that he is adhering to the two principles of “Honesty and Leadership.”
Ministers are obligated to disclose any interests that are “relevant” to their duties and “which might be thought to give rise to a conflict” with their obligations to the public. Following an investigation, the independent adviser on ministers’ interests came to the conclusion that Sunak had not violated any laws.
Newspapers stated that Murty held non-domiciled status at the beginning of 2022, which exempted her from paying tax on money she received while residing in the UK. She was able to save an estimated £20 million in UK taxes by obtaining the status, which cost about £30,000 to obtain. Murty announced on April 8 that she would pay UK taxes on her worldwide income in response to media uproar, adding that she did not want the matter to “be a distraction for my husband.” Whoever revealed the specifics of her tax situation was the subject of a Whitehall investigation.
According to reports at the time, Sunak had kept his permanent resident (green card) status in the US through 2021, including for the 18 months following his appointment as chancellor, which included submitting yearly tax returns to the US. Sunak was deemed to have not violated any ministerial regulations after an investigation of his wife’s tax situation and his residency status was conducted.
Run-up to becoming Prime Minister
Resignation as Chancellor
The sexual harassment claims against Chris Pincher caused a controversy on July 5, 2022, which forced Sunak and Health Secretary Sajid Javid to almost immediately quit. It was later discovered that Johnson had promoted Pincher despite being aware of the complaints. In the midst of the government crisis, Sunak was the second of 61 Conservative MPs to resign. Sunak stated in his letter of resignation:
The public has a right to demand proper, professional, and serious government operations. Although I am aware that this may be my final ministerial position, I am leaving because I think these norms are important and are worth fighting for. My understanding has grown that our methods are essentially too dissimilar. Although I am sorry to leave the government, I have regretfully come to the conclusion that things cannot go on as they are.
Nadhim Zahawi took over as chancellor after him. Numerous subordinate ministers and the Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) quit when Sunak and Javid did, with many of them blaming Johnson for lacking honesty and integrity. 36 MPs quit their government positions in the ensuing 24 hours. Since the British Empire Economic Conference in 1932, this was both the most ministerial resignations in a 24-hour period and the most ministerial resignations ever recorded. Johnson declared on July 7 that he would step down as Conservative leader and prime minister after a total of 62 resignations, although he insisted that he would continue in that role until a new leader was in place.
Rishi Sunak Conservative leadership bids
Sunak declared his candidacy for the position of Conservative Party leader to succeed Johnson on July 8, 2022. Sunak declared in a social media video that he would “restore trust, rebuild the economy, and reunite the country” as he began his campaign. He declared that “patriotism, fairness, and hard work” were his ideals and promised to “crack down on gender neutral language”. During the campaign, Sunak promised to limit the number of refugees admitted and to tighten the definition of asylum. He also promised to cap refugee numbers and to delay tax cuts until inflation was under control. He also promised to eliminate the 5% VAT rate on household energy for a year.
On July 20, Sunak and Foreign Secretary Liz Truss were announced as the two finalists who will be presented to the membership for the decisive leadership vote. In each round of the MP votes, he had gotten the most votes; in the final round, Sunak received 137 votes to Truss’s 113. Truss won 57.4% of the vote in the membership election, becoming the new leader. He sat on the sidelines for the entirety of Truss’s premiership.
On October 20, 2022, in the midst of a government crisis, Truss announced her resignation, setting off a leadership election. According to a report from the 22nd of October, Sunak had the necessary 100 members of the House of Commons to be eligible to contest in the election on the 24th. On the afternoon of October 22, 100 MPs had publicly expressed their support. On October 23, Sunak announced his intention to run for office. On October 24, Johnson declared himself out of the running and Penny Mordaunt withdrew her name from consideration.
Prime Minister (2022–present)
On October 25, 2022, Sunak, the head of the Conservative Party, took office as prime minister in the wake of Truss’ resignation. Sunak had already accepted King Charles III’s request to form a cabinet. He is the country’s first non-white, British Asian, and Hindu prime minister. Sunak stated in his first speech as prime minister that “we will create a future worthy of the sacrifices so many have made and fill tomorrow, and every day thereafter, with hope.” He also pledged “integrity, professionalism, and accountability.”
Sunak praised his predecessor, saying that while Truss “was not wrong” in wanting to boost growth, he acknowledged that “some mistakes were made” and that part of the reason he was chosen to be prime minister was to correct them. “Place economic stability and confidence at the center of this government’s agenda,” he pledged.
On October 25, 2022, Sunak started to assemble his cabinet. After Kwasi Kwarteng was fired on October 14 during the Truss cabinet, Jeremy Hunt was appointed chancellor and kept the position. Additionally, Dominic Raab, who served in these capacities under Boris Johnson as prime minister, was reappointed as deputy prime minister and justice secretary. James Cleverly continued to serve as Foreign Secretary, and Suella Braverman, who had previously left her position as Secretary of State for the Home Department during the Truss administration, was reinstated in that position.
The position of Secretary of State for Defense, which Ben Wallace had previously held during the Johnson and Truss governments, was retained. Grant Shapps was downgraded from Home Secretary to Secretary of State for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy while Michael Gove took back the position of Levelling Up Secretary from which Johnson had fired him. Penny Mordaunt kept her positions as Lord President of the Council and Leader of the House of Commons, which she had held during the Truss administration.
Other significant appointments included Thérèse Coffey as environment secretary, Mel Stride as work and pensions secretary, Mark Harper as transport secretary, Oliver Dowden as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and Simon Hart as Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury and Chief Whip of the House of Commons. Nadhim Zahawi served as party chairman.
Gavin Williamson and Dominic Raab were two cabinet picks made by Sunak that drew criticism. Both had been charged with bullying, which they both vigorously disputed. Later, Williamson resigned, and eight formal complaints about the accusations made against Dominic Raab were being looked into. Sunak received criticism as well for reassigning Braverman to the cabinet after she had resigned for violating the Ministerial Code. Assembling a “unified party” was the goal, according to Sunak, when he appointed people to the cabinet. Sunak fired Zahawi on January 29, 2023, citing ethics consultant Laurie Magnus’ discovery of a “serious breach” of the ministerial code. Sunak’s decision to reinstate Zahawi was first questioned, as were the timing of his dismissal and Sunak’s judgment in doing so.
Rishi Sunak Environment
On October 26, Sunak reversed his predecessor’s position and reintroduced the fracking prohibition as promised in the Conservative Party’s 2019 campaign.
Sunak initially declared in October that he would abstain from the Egypt-hosted United Nations Climate Change Conference in order to focus on pressing domestic issues. As a result of pressure from lawmakers, environmental activists, and others, Sunak declared he would go.
On November 4, Sunak went to the king’s reception at Buckingham Palace. About 200 politicians and activists gathered for the gathering, and Sunak assured them that the UK will continue to pursue its environmental goals following its COP26 chair. Sunak warned in his speech that people would continue to suffer as a result of climate change and that by doing nothing, they ran the risk of leaving their descendants a hopeless legacy. Sunak also praised the king for his protracted efforts to protect the environment.
Sunak established The Forest and Climate Leaders’ Partnership (FCLP) on November 7 at the COP27 summit, expanding on the Glasgow Climate Pact initiative that was first started at COP 26. With the help of 26 nations and the European Union, the alliance hopes to stop and reverse deforestation by 2030. Together with private finance, these nations contribute more than 33% of the world’s forests and 60% of the global GDP, bringing the partnership’s total assets to $23.8 billion.
Sunak claimed that despite being one of the world’s natural beauties, forests have been underappreciated and underrated in his remarks to the Forest and Climate Leaders’ Summit. Then he challenged all there to build on what had already been accomplished in order to leave a lasting legacy for future generations. Beginning in 2023, the FCLP will publish an annual Global Progress Report that includes independent evaluations and hold annual meetings.
Rishi Sunak Foreign policy
Sunak met with US president Joe Biden after the 2022 missile explosion in Poland and spoke about it. During his first trip to Kiev, he later met Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and made a commitment to provide £50 million in help.
Rishi Sunak Political positions
Within his party, Sunak has been characterized as a moderate with a technocratic or administrative leadership style. Sunak is “often perceived as a pragmatist and as belonging to the center-ground of the Conservative Party,” according to Euronews. He disagreed with Liz Truss’s fiscal policies and, despite being labeled a fellow Thatcherite, is seen as less economically liberal than Truss.
The government’s socially conservative stances on transgender and immigration issues have been compared to Sunak’s reputation as a centrist politician; Jessica Elgot of The Guardian called Sunak the “most socially conservative PM of his generation.” According to Robert Shrimsley of the Financial Times, Sunak is “socially conservative” and pragmatic while having a “easy manner, career in global finance, and ethnic background that might suggest a more cosmopolitan conservative.” Sunak is ‘uneasily’ straddling both liberal and national-conservative tendencies, according to The New Statesman.
Crime and anti-terror strategy
Regarding crime, Sunak suggested reducing the minimum sentence before a foreign criminal is eligible for deportation from twelve months to six, as well as automatically extending prison terms for habitual offenders by one year. He suggested that child grooming gang leaders be sentenced to life in jail and that police keep track of the ethnicity of people who join such gangs.
He advocated expanding the Prevent strategy’s definition of “extremism” in August 2022.
During the 2016 EU referendum, Sunak backed the Leave side. Sunak stated, “I voted for Brexit, I believe in Brexit,” in 2022. Sunak added that if the UK had to follow EU legislation, it would not pursue a relationship with the EU after Brexit.
Sunak stated that it should be a “collective effort” in January 2023 when he revealed plans to have EU law removed from the UK statute book that year. Sunak negotiated a draft deal with the EU on Northern Ireland’s trade policies in February of that year, and the “Windsor Framework” was made public. The proposed agreement, according to Sunak’s address to the House of Commons on February 27, “protects Northern Ireland’s place in our Union.” The Windsor Framework agreement has not yet been put to a vote in parliament or ratified.
Energy and the environment
According to the Conservative Environment Network (CEN) website, Sunak joined the Conservative Environment Pledge (CEP), which is backed by about 127 MPs. Utilizing Brexit freedoms for the environment and sustainable farming, supporting British clean energy suppliers to increase energy security, encouraging the use of home insulation and electric vehicle charging stations, putting the Environment Act into practice, and supporting technologies that will aid in clean growth are the CEP’s five main commitments. Sunak informed the CEN that he was involved in the preservation of the environment for future generations during the leadership competition that was held over the summer of 2022.
According to Sunak, he is dedicated to upholding the legal obligation to achieve net zero by 2050. He declared during the summer that he wanted to make the UK energy independent by 2045 and pushed for increased offshore wind energy, more rooftop solar panels, and better insulation for houses to make them more energy-efficient. Sunak is believed to have listened to other MPs who had a green agenda and to have supported the UK’s goal of net zero emissions. Sunak also voted against a proposal for Britain to end the majority of its transportation-related greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.
While running for office in August 2022, Sunak stated in a letter that he would limit the use of solar panels on farmland but would ensure that solar was put on buildings, properties, and sheds, adding that “on my watch, we will not lose swathes of our best farmland to solar farms.” The trade group Solar Energy U.K. stated that the solar business was “deeply concerned” about the intentions of both candidates.
Where fracking is supported by locals, Sunak has backed it. He joined the government in voting against the ban on fracking on October 19 during the discussion over the “Ban on Fracking for Shale Gas Bill (Division 66)”. After a research by the Oil and Gas Authority showed that it was not possible to anticipate the likelihood or intensity of earthquakes induced by fracking at the time, the government banned fracking in November 2019.
Sunak attended COP26 in Glasgow when he was chancellor. In his speech on November 3rd, he stated that despite enormous obstacles, he was optimistic and that by bringing together finance ministers, companies, and investors, COP 26 could start achieving the goals set forth in the Paris Agreement. He listed three steps: The UK has pledged £100 million to the Taskforce on Access to Climate Finance, demonstrating the first need for additional public investment. He declared his backing for a new Capital Markets Mechanism that will issue green bonds in the UK to finance renewable energy in underdeveloped nations.
The Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero, which brings together companies with over $130 trillion in assets that can be used, is the second strategy for mobilizing private capital. The third step is to rewire the entire global financial system to achieve net zero, which would entail improved climate data, required sustainability disclosures, monitoring of climate risk, and tighter international reporting standards. The UK will become the first-ever “Net Zero Aligned Financial Center,” it was also announced.
In a July 2022 interview, Sunak stated that his government’s energy policy will include wind generating, but he also sought to reassure the locals that the existing onshore planning restrictions would not be relaxed in favor of offshore wind farms. The PM’s press office reiterated this position in October, stating that Sunak prefers “offshore not onshore wind”.
At Prime Minister’s Questions on October 26, when MP Alan Whitehead inquired about wind generation, Sunak said that, in line with the Conservative manifesto for 2019, he would put a focus on long-term energy security, including additional offshore wind. The National Planning Policy Framework 2016 Update makes it difficult for onshore wind generation, however as part of his predecessors’ initiatives, the planning laws were supposed to be loosened.
He described China as the “biggest long-term threat” to the UK in July 2022 while running for the Conservative Party leadership, adding that “They torture, detain, and indoctrinate their own people, including in Xinjiang and Hong Kong, in violation of their human rights.” Additionally, they have consistently suppressed their currency in order to manipulate the world economy in their favor. He claimed that China was “stealing our technology and infiltrating our universities” and that it was backing Russian President Vladimir Putin. After being elected prime minister, Sunak changed his tone, referring to the nation as a “systemic challenge” rather of a “threat,” and asserting that the West will “manage this sharpening competition, including with diplomacy and engagement.”
Sunak called Saudi Arabia a “partner” and a “ally,” but he said that the British government did not disregard the country’s human rights abuses. The British government should “engage with our partners and allies around the world as we consider how best to ensure energy security for this country,” according to Sunak.
Sunak criticized US Vice President Joe Biden’s proposal to enact a minimum 21 percent global company tax while he was chancellor.
Sunak agreed that Jerusalem should be recognized as Israel’s capital.
Russia and Ukraine
Sunak opposes British military participation in Ukraine but favors economic sanctions against Russia and Ukraine’s resistance to Russian invasion.
In November 2022, Sunak met Volodymyr Zelenskyy, the president of Ukraine, and remarked, “I am proud of how the UK stood with Ukraine from the very beginning.” And I’m here to say that the UK and our allies will continue to support Ukraine in its battle to put an end to this heinous conflict and bring about a decent settlement. While Russian forces are successfully driven back on the ground by the Ukrainian military, civilians are cruelly attacked from the air. We are increasing humanitarian aid and supplying new air defense measures like anti-aircraft guns, radar, and anti-drone equipment today in preparation for the upcoming bitterly harsh winter.
According to Sunak, the UK should be “the safest and greatest country in the world to be LGBT+” by July 2022. He said that “prejudice against trans people is wrong” when questioned about alleged or perceived transphobia within his party. No matter who they are or where they come from, the Conservative Party is a kind, open family to everyone in society. Although he hinted that he did not think women could have penises, he implied that he thought transgender persons should be “respected” for who they are. He’s stated that he thinks biology is “important” and “fundamental” when it comes to bathrooms and competitive sports.
Sunak has said that he favors reducing net migration. Sunak, according to a representative for the government, is “committed to ensuring we have control over our borders and the public rightly expects us to control immigration and have a system that works best for the UK.” He stated that the “current asylum system is broken and it needs to be fixed urgently” and that he will “tighten our statutory definition of who qualifies for asylum in the UK” in his first 100 days as prime minister.
He also said that he “cannot underestimate the role of data sharing which will make it easier to identify people who are in the UK illegally” and that the Rwanda asylum plan “is the right one.” These statements will prevent anyone who enters the UK illegally from remaining here. Sunak declared there was “absolutely nothing racist” in his plans about illegal immigration in response to criticism. Sunak announced his priorities for 2023 on January 4, 2023, and one of them was “We will pass new laws to stop small boats, making sure that if you come to this country illegally, you are detained and swiftly removed.”
Sunak emerged from relative obscurity into public attention after being named chancellor. He had, in one analyst’s words, “better ratings than any politician since the heydays of Tony Blair” in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, by British political standards. Numerous surveys revealed that throughout 2020, Sunak remained enormously popular among Conservative supporters and many other Britons.
In a September 2020 Ipsos MORI poll, Sunak had the best satisfaction rating of any British Chancellor since Labour’s Denis Healey in April 1978. Sunak was also widely seen as the front-runner to succeed Boris Johnson as the next Prime Minister and head of the Conservative Party. Sunak gained a cult following in the media due to the jokes and rumors that circulated about his attractiveness on social media and in publications, earning him the moniker “Dishi Rishi.”
Although Sunak’s popularity gradually dwindled over time, public perceptions of him remained largely favorable in 2021 By the beginning of 2022, as public anxiety over the cost of living increased, Sunak’s response in his role as chancellor was viewed as insufficient, and he got some of his lowest popularity ratings. This trend persisted when the Sunak family’s financial troubles came under scrutiny. By the time Sunak announced his resignation as chancellor in July 2022, his popularity had only marginally improved. Following his election as prime minister in October 2022, Sunak’s popularity grew personally. Sunak’s approval ratings fell back to the same level as when he quit as chancellor by July 2023.
For failing to use a seatbelt while recording an Instagram video to promote his government’s levelling up policy in the backseat of his ministerial vehicle on January 20, 2023, Sunak received a fixed penalty notice from Lancashire Police. Sunak expressed regret for the situation and said it was a “error of judgement”. Many people, including Scott Benton, the MP for Blackpool South, claimed that the police’s targeting of Sunak was “politically motivated” and that it was not a “good use of frontline resources.” Benton also argued that the British people would prefer that efforts to combat crime be directed in other directions.
Rishi Sunak Personal life
Sunak wed Akshata Murty, the child of N. R. Narayana Murthy and Sudha Murty, in August 2009. Murty holds stock in Infosys, a technology business whose founder is his father-in-law. At Stanford University in the US, Sunak and Murty met and got married. They have two children, Krishna (born in 2011) and Anoushka (born in 2013).
They have a number of residences, including Kirby Sigston Manor in the North Yorkshire village of Kirby Sigston, a mews house in the heart of London’s Earl’s Court, a home on the Old Brompton Road in South Kensington, and a penthouse apartment on Ocean Avenue in Santa Monica, California. It was revealed in April 2022 that Sunak and Murty had left the apartment above 10 Downing Street for a freshly renovated house in West London for domestic purposes. As prime ministers, the Sunaks returned to their former residence at 10 Downing Street in October 2022, reversing the trend that had begun in 1997 of prime ministers residing in the four-bedroom apartment above 11 Downing Street.
Sunak abstains from alcohol. Due to his extensive Coca-Cola drinking when he was younger, he has admitted to being an addict and currently needs seven tooth fillings. He had served as the East London Science School’s governor in the past. Sunak enjoys cricket and horse racing, and he has a Labrador named Nova. Sunak enjoyed working out on the Peloton every day while serving as chancellor, and he was a big Cody Rigsby fan. James Forsyth, the former political editor of The Spectator, and Sunak have been friends since they were in school. Sunak served as Forsyth’s best man at his marriage to writer Allegra Stratton, and the two are godparents to one another’s kids. In December 2022, he made Forsyth his political secretary.
Sunak was born and raised in Southampton, England, and is a devoted supporter of the team. When asked what his ideal job would be if he were not a politician, he responded that he would be a “very happy man” if he could “run Southampton Football Club.”
Sunak is a Hindu who describes himself as “thoroughly British” with an Indian religious and cultural ancestry. He also claims to be British Indian. He took the Bhagavad Gita as his oath of office in the Commons. Sunak read Colossians 1:9–17, which is found in the New Testament book of Colossians, at Charles III’s coronation. After George Floyd was killed, Sunak spoke out against the bigotry he had experienced and the hardships his family had experienced since arriving in Britain in the 1960s.
Rishi Sunak Parents and Nationality
Before relocating to England in the 1960s, Sunak’s parents were born to Indian-origin households in East Africa. His mother Usha ran a pharmacy, and his father Yashvir worked as a general practitioner for the National Health Service.
Rishi Sunak Quick Fact
- Birth Year: 1980
- Birth date: May 12, 1980
- Birth City: Southampton
- Birth Country: England
- Best Known For: Rishi Sunak became the United Kingdom’s first prime minister of color after taking office in October 2022.
- Business and Industry
- Politics and Government
- Astrological Sign: Taurus
- Standford University
- University of Oxford
- Winchester College
- Interesting Facts
- Sunak became the youngest U.K. prime minister since 24-year-old William Pitt the Younger ascended to the role in 1783.
- Political Figure
How Old Is Rishi Sunak?
On May 12, 1980, in Southampton, England, Rishi Sunak was born.
Where is Rishi Sunak from originally?
Sunak was born in Southampton to East African immigrants of Indian heritage. In the 1960s, they moved to Great Britain. He received his education at Winchester College, attended Lincoln College in Oxford to study philosophy, politics, and economics, and graduated as a Fulbright Scholar with an MBA from Stanford University in California.
What did Biden call Rishi Sunak?
During UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak’s two-day visit to Washington, DC, US President Joe Biden unintentionally addressed him as “Mr. President” as the two met in the Oval Office at The White House.
How did Sunak make his money?
Like so many politicians before him, Mr. Sunak studied politics, philosophy, and economics at Oxford University. He then worked as an analyst for Goldman Sachs before joining a number of hedge firms.
What is Rishi short for?
sage of the Hindu religion. The word “rishi” appears frequently in Hindu literature. The word’s straightforward English definition is “a sage.” Numerous rishis are mentioned in Hindu mythology and in sacred texts.
Was Rishi Sunak treasurer?
From 13 February 2020 to 5 July 2022, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer. From 9 January 2018 to 24 July 2019, he served as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Ministry of Housing, Communities, and Local Government. From 24 July 2019 to 13 February 2020, he served as Chief Secretary to the Treasury.
What year did Rishi Sunak become chancellor?
From his nomination on February 13, 2020, to his departure on July 5, 2022, Rishi Sunak served as the UK’s Chancellor of the Exchequer.