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Easy Guide To Understand Cryptocurrency Like A Pro For A Starter In 2024: Cryptocurrency World

Cryptocurrency World In 2024

The cryptocurrency world will continue to grow in 2024, fueled by mass adoption, legislative developments, and technological innovations.

Bitcoin and Ethereum remain dominant, but decentralized finance (DeFi) and non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are gaining ground.

Regulatory certainty in major economies such as the United States and the European Union gives investors a more secure environment.


Central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) are also being investigated and implemented globally, indicating a substantial move toward digital financial systems.

These developments highlight the cryptocurrency sector’s growth into a powerful and vital component of the global economy.

Easy Guide To Understand Cryptocurrency Like A Pro For A Starter In 2024

To fully understand the world of cryptocurrency, you must first immerse yourself in the ever-changing universe of digital finance.


Consider navigating a decentralized ecosystem where traditional banks have been replaced by blockchain networks and financial transactions are protected by cryptographic principles.

As you go deeper, you’ll come across terms like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and DeFi, each reflecting a different aspect of this revolutionary world.

You’ll explore how cryptocurrencies provide both investment opportunities as well as regulatory and security issues.

By remaining educated and engaged, you can join a worldwide movement that is altering the future of money and finance.

Important Terms To Know In Cryptocurrency World In 2024

What do we call a cryptocurrency loan service implemented on a blockchain?

A blockchain-based cryptocurrency loan service is also known as a decentralized finance (DeFi) lending platform.

These platforms use blockchain technology to allow users to borrow and lend digital assets on a peer-to-peer basis, eliminating the need for traditional financial intermediaries like banks or lending organizations.

What Are DeFi Lending Platforms?

DeFi lending platforms use blockchain networks, specifically Ethereum, and smart contracts to support cryptocurrency borrowing and lending.

These services let users either lend their digital assets for interest or borrow assets with collateral.

The lending and borrowing procedure is carried out autonomously by smart contracts, which automatically enforce loan terms and handle repayment.

1. Important Features:

1. Decentralization: DeFi lending systems function without the need for middlemen or central authorities since they are decentralized.

Smart contracts allow for direct transaction execution between users, doing away with the requirement for third parties to be trusted.

2. Accessibility: Anyone with a compatible digital wallet and an internet connection can use the DeFi lending services.

Users do not require a credit check or a lot of documentation to engage in lending and borrowing activities; they can do so from anywhere in the world.

3. Transparency: The public ledger that records all loan agreements and transactions is made possible by the transparent nature of blockchain technology, giving users access to an auditable and transparent record.

4. Non-Custodial: DeFi lending services are not custodial, in contrast to typical lending platforms that ask consumers to entrust their assets to a central custodian.

To lower counterparty risk, users maintain ownership and control over their assets during the lending process.

5. Collateralization: To secure their loans, borrowers on DeFi lending platforms must offer digital assets as collateral.

Lender protection in the event of borrower default is guaranteed by collateralization, which lowers the risk of default.

2. DeFi Lending Platform Advantages:

1. Global Access: Those who are underserved or shut out of traditional banking systems, especially in developing nations, can now access financial services thanks to DeFi lending platforms.

2. High Liquidity: Digital assets have high liquidity on DeFi lending systems, enabling users to lend or borrow money as soon as they need it without having to wait for permission from a central authority.

3. Attractive Interest Rates: Because DeFi lending platforms are decentralized, supply and demand dynamics govern interest rates, which means that prices are favorable for both borrowers and lenders.

4. Unrestricted Innovation: By enabling developers to create and implement new financial services and products without needing authorization from centralized authorities, DeFi lending platforms promote a culture of permissionless innovation.

5. Programmability: DeFi lending platforms’ smart contracts make financial transactions programmable, enabling sophisticated lending agreements, automated loan administration, and adjustable parameters.

3. Challenges and Risk Factors:

1. Risks Associated with Smart Contracts: Smart contracts are prone to errors, vulnerabilities, and exploits that could cost users money.

To reduce these dangers, DeFi lending platforms must go through extensive security examinations and testing.

2. Regulatory Uncertainty: Regulatory bodies throughout the world are still figuring out how to categorize and control decentralized financial services, which is why the regulatory environment regarding DeFi lending platforms is still changing.

3. Market Volatility: Asset prices in the cryptocurrency space are prone to abrupt swings, making the market extremely unstable.

On DeFi loan platforms, price volatility can affect collateral values and raise the risk of liquidation for borrowers.

4. Liquidity Risks: To connect lenders and borrowers, DeFi lending systems rely on liquidity pools. However, liquidity can change, which could cause delays in withdrawals and inefficiencies in loan matching.

5. Centralization hazards: Although DeFi lending platforms strive for decentralization, there are dangers to the platform’s overall decentralization since some ecosystem components, including price oracles and governance mechanisms, may show signs of centralization.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital currency that can be used for investments or purchases and doesn’t need to be verified by a bank or other financial organization.

Next, a blockchain an immutable ledger that keeps track of assets and trades is used to validate and record transactions.

Types of Cryptocurrency

There are two types of cryptocurrency: coins and tokens.

Tokens and Coins are different in that tokens are assets that are stored on a blockchain, whereas coins might be digital, physical, or virtual.

Digital coins have their blockchain, making them more like traditional currency. On the other hand, a token is made on an already-existing blockchain and can be used to signify ownership of an asset or as money.

The most widely traded cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, was the first to be introduced. The second-most expensive cryptocurrency, Ethereum, is suitable for intricate transactions.

Other well-known cryptocurrencies, or “altcoins,” are XRP, Dogecoin, Cardano, and Solana.

How Are Digital Currencies Made?

The technique by which cryptocurrency is created is called mining. Cryptocurrency transactions require validation, which is done through mining, which also produces new cryptocurrencies.

Mining is the process of adding transactions to the blockchain using specialized hardware and software.

Not every coin is produced by mining. Cryptocurrency, for instance, that is not spendable is not mined. Instead, a hard fork is used by engineers to produce the new currency.

A blockchain hard fork forms a new chain. While one branch takes the new route, the other stays on the previous one. Generally, the cryptocurrency that isn’t mineable is employed for investments rather than purchases.

How To Begin With Cryptocurrency

You must select a broker or cryptocurrency exchange before you can begin trading cryptocurrencies. The steps to begin trading cryptocurrency are as follows.

1. Create and add money to your account

The next step is to open an account after choosing a broker or exchange. Some platforms need identification, so you’ll want to keep one on hand.

You can fund your account after proving your identification. You might have to wait a few days for it to clear into your cryptocurrency account, depending on how you funded it.

2. Buy Cryptocurrency

Once your account has been created and validated, you can make your first cryptocurrency purchase. You have a lot of choices.

You can buy it in any quantity you like. You’ll need to input the ticker symbol and the desired purchase amount after you’ve decided which one to start with.

The following are some of the most popular cryptocurrencies and their symbols:

1. Bitcoin (BTC), 2. Ethereum (ETH), 3. Dogecoin (DOGE), 4. Tether (USDT), 5. USD Coin (USDC), 6. Uniswap (UNI).

3. Pick A Storage Method

Typically, a cryptocurrency wallet is used to hold cryptocurrency. You might not have a choice in how you store your cryptocurrency when you buy from a broker.

However, while purchasing an exchange, you have the option of using a hot or cold wallet.

1. Hot Wallets: A hot wallet is a cryptocurrency wallet that allows you to save data online and access it from a tablet, phone, or computer. Because a hot wallet is stored online and is more vulnerable to cyberattacks, there is a security concern.

2. Cold Wallets: An internet connection is not made with a cold wallet. Your Bitcoin can be kept on an external drive, like a USB device. You’ll be given a key code that you should store safely.

You might not be able to access your Bitcoin and wallet if you misplace the key code.

What Is Gas In Crypto?

Gas is a fee necessary to complete a transaction or contract on the Ethereum blockchain network. Fees are priced in minuscule fractions of the cryptocurrency ether (ETH), known as gwei (10-9 ETH).

Gas is used to compensate validators for the resources required to complete transactions.

What Is ICO In Crypto?

Initial Coin Offering (ICO): An ICO is the cryptocurrency industry’s version of an IPO or initial public offering.

An initial coin offering (ICO) is a means by which a firm can obtain capital to develop a new blockchain application or service using a cryptocurrency.

What Technology Underpins The Bitcoin Protocol That Records All Transactions?

Is blockchain technology, a decentralized ledger system that keeps track of transactions across numerous computers and prevents records from being changed backwards.

Blockchain serves as the transaction ledger for Bitcoin, enabling the peer-to-peer digital currency architecture.

What Is The Term For The Database That Stores Cryptocurrency Transactions?

A Blockchain Database: a digital log of transactions that is kept up to date by a decentralized computer network as opposed to a centralized entity like a financial institution or government.

What Are NFTs?

An exclusive digital identity stored on a blockchain and used to verify authenticity and ownership is called a non-fungible token. It cannot be divided, replaced, or copied.

An NFT’s ownership is documented in the blockchain and is transferable by the owner, enabling the selling and trading of NFTs.

Tokens called NFTs are used to signify ownership of one-of-a-kind goods. The developers of NFTs can tokenize objects like artwork, antiques, and even real estate.

They are limited to one official owner at a time and are protected by the Ethereum blockchain.

How Does Money Move In The Blockchain?

Blockchain uses a decentralized ledger system to monitor the flow of funds between wallets. Every transaction is documented on a block, which is subsequently linked logically to a chain of blocks.

A network of computers, called nodes, keeps track of this sequence of blocks by validating and confirming each transaction.

Where Does Blockchain Security Come From?

The main components of blockchain security include decentralization, cryptographic hash functions, consensus processes, and the system’s immutability and transparency.

What Is Blockchain?

Blockchains are a kind of shared database that store data in blocks connected by cryptography, which is different from how traditional databases store data.

Although a blockchain can hold many kinds of data, ledgers have been the most popular application for transactions on it.

What Do We Call a Cryptocurrency Exchange Implemented on a Blockchain?

Similar to conventional stock and commodity exchanges, cryptocurrency exchanges function as marketplaces for individuals to purchase and sell digital assets.

With blockchain technology, cryptocurrencies have exploded into a $1.50 trillion sector and caused a wave of global disruption.

Types of Cryptocurrency Exchanges

1. Centralized exchanges (CEX)

A centralized exchange works like stock markets or conventional brokerages. A centralized authority that owns and runs the exchange controls each account and its transactions.

On a centralized exchange, every transaction needs to be approved by the exchange; this means that every user has to put their faith in the hands of exchange operators.


1. Liquidity: An asset’s liquidity refers to its capacity to be sold with minimal price movement and value loss.

Liquidity is necessary to protect against market manipulation, such as coordinated “pump-and-dump” operations.

Centralized exchanges are believed to have higher liquidity levels than other exchanges.

2. Recovery is possible: Most centralized exchanges can verify a user’s identity and restore access to their digital assets if the user loses or misplaces their login credentials.

3. Speed: Transaction speed is critical for some sorts of bitcoin traders, particularly in high-frequency trading where milliseconds count.

According to’s analysis, centralized exchanges process transactions faster than other types of exchanges, with an average time of 10 milliseconds.

Negative aspects

1. Hackers’ honeypot: Centralized exchanges handle billions of trades daily and keep sensitive user data on numerous centralized computers.

For this reason alone, hackers favor them over other cryptocurrency trading platforms. Some of the most well-known hacks target centralized exchanges, such as Mt.GoX, BitFinex, and Cryptopia.

2. Manipulation: Several centralized exchanges have been charged with engaging in insider trading, adjusting trade volume, and committing other price manipulation crimes.

2. Decentralized Exchanges (DEX)

Decentralized exchanges, or DEXs for short, function as independent decentralized apps on public distributed ledger infrastructure, in contrast to centralized exchanges.

They enable people to trade cryptocurrencies decentralized from a central authority.

Centralized exchanges frequently only allow users from within specific legal countries, demand licenses, and require users to authenticate themselves (also known as “know your customer” or KYC).

Decentralized exchanges, on the other hand, are completely independent, anonymous, and exempt from those same conditions.

There are now many decentralized exchanges that fall into three categories: automated market makers, off-chain order books, and on-chain order books.


1. Custody: In distributed ledger communities, the adage “Not your keys, not your crypto.” is well-known. It states that the owner of digital assets and cryptocurrencies is the person who has the keys to the account that contains them.

Users own their digital assets and private keys since DEXs are decentralized and not owned by a single entity.

2. Security and privacy: Users can feel more assured that their privacy is protected on decentralized exchanges because they do not need to go through KYC to register an account.

In terms of security, the majority of DEXs use distributed hosting together with other security measures to reduce the possibility of intrusion and assault.

3. Trustless: Since no one else has access to a user’s money or personal information, they are in complete control of it.

Negative aspects

1. Low Volume: The existence of hybrid exchanges is relatively new. They don’t now have enough traffic to be the preferred marketplaces for buying and selling digital assets.

They are a simple target for price manipulation due to their low volume.

What Are Digital Signatures?

1. A digital signature is a cryptographic output that confirms the validity of data. A digital signature algorithm supports two separate operations: a signing operation, which employs a signing key to create a signature over raw data.

2. A digital signature is a mathematical system that confirms the authenticity of digital messages or documents.

A genuine digital signature on a communication provides the recipient with confidence that the message was sent by someone they know.

What Is The Main Characteristic Of a Stablecoin In the Cryptocurrency Market?

A “stablecoin” is a cryptocurrency whose value is tied to another asset class, such as fiat currency or gold, to keep its price stable.

Stablecoins are backed by a specific asset or basket of assets, which are used to keep their value stable against that asset.

This is typically a country’s money, such as the US dollar. This distinguishes stablecoins from cryptoassets, which often lack asset backing and are thus more volatile.

What company tracks sales and streams for the Hot 100?

Nielsen BDS measures radio airplay audience impressions, Nielsen Soundscan compiles retail and digital sales data, and online music sources give streaming activity, which is used to determine the Hot 100.

Breaking News On Cryptocurrency In Nigeria

Best 5 Safest & Trustworthy Cryptocurrency Exchanges

1. Binance

Binance Fee: Binance charges a maker and taker fee between 0.015% to 0.75% and a trading fee of 0.1%

2. Bittrex

Bittrex Fee: The exchange charges a maker and taker fee, which is between 0.08% – 0.20%. Cash App Cash App Fee: The platform charges a service fee for each transaction and an additional fee determined by price volatility across U.S. crypto exchanges.

3. Robinhood

Robinhood Fee: The platform does not charge a fee for buying and selling cryptocurrency.

4. OKEx

OKEx Fee: The platform works on a maker and taker fee that fluctuates between 0.060% and 0.100%

5. Coinbase and Coinbase Pro

Coinbase Fee: Between $0.99 to $2.99 Coinbase Pro Fee: It uses a maker-taker fee model. For makers, the fee is anything between 0.00% to 0.50%. For takers, the fee is between 0.04% to 0.50$ of the order.

Safety When Using Cryptocurrency Exchanges

There is risk involved with trading cryptocurrencies. It is predicted that scam, phishing, and vulnerability reports will be made.

By putting five basic safety precautions in place, users can protect their digital riches and keep spammers and hackers at bay:

  1. Perform research
  2. Bulletproof passwords and use 2FA
  3. Avoid phishing
  4. Do not store cryptocurrency on an exchange
  5. Keep mnemonic seed phrases intact


What is cryptocurrency in simple words?

Digital tokens are called cryptocurrencies. These are a particular kind of virtual money that enables direct online payments between users.

Cryptocurrencies are only worth what consumers are willing to pay for them on the open market; they have no set legal or intrinsic value.

Is crypto real money?

Unlike paper money, which exists in tangible form, cryptocurrency is not issued by a central body. Unlike digital currencies issued by central banks, most cryptocurrencies operate under decentralized control (CBDC).

Are Bitcoin and cryptocurrency the same?

A virtual currency known as Bitcoin (BTC) has been designed to function as money and a mode of payment independent of any one individual, organization, or body.

This eliminates the requirement for financial transactions to include a reliable third party (like a bank or mint).

Does crypto pay you?

You can mine cryptocurrency if you have the required equipment and technological know-how. In exchange for validating transactions and adding them to the blockchain, miners receive fresh bitcoin.

Employees at many blockchain and cryptocurrency businesses can choose to get paid in cryptocurrency.

Can I learn crypto on my own?

It is possible to learn cryptocurrency trading independently, and a few of Academy’s free online courses offer a helpful foundation.

You may customize your learning experience to meet your needs and advance at a rate that works for you thanks to the freedom to learn at your own speed and the variety of educational resources accessible.

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